## Math in the Physical Sciences## Modern Physics and Mathematics |

## How else is mathematics used in physics? |

There are hundreds of other applications of mathematics in physics. The following lists only a few:

*Fluid mechanics*—This is the study of air, water, and other fluids in motion. It includes the mathematics of turbulence, wave propagation, and so on.

*Geophysics*—This is a geological study with a physics basis. Much of the field is dominated by the mathematics of large scale movement of materials, such as earthquakes, volcanic activity, and fluid mechanics (for example, underground molten volcanic material).

*Optics*—This is the mostly mathematical study of the propagation and evolution of electromagnetic waves, such as diffraction and the path of light rays. This requires a great knowledge of geometry and trigonometry, not to mention complex equations.