Math Basics

All About Numbers

What is a decimal system?

The decimal system uses the base 10 notation system to represent real numbers. A decimal expansion is the expression of a number within the decimal system, such as 1, 15, 359, 18.7, and 3.14159. Each number within the system is called a decimal digit. (Such decimal notation—or a numbering notation based on decimals—was first used in India around 594.) The decimal point is represented by a period placed to the right of a unit’s place in a decimal number. It is interesting to note that a comma is used in continental Europe to denote a decimal point, such as 3,25 (translated as 3.25 as a decimal point), which in this case would logically be called the decimal comma.


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