## Math Basics## Basic Mathematical Operations |

## What is multiplication? |

Multiply comes from the Latin roots *multi* (“many”) and *pli* (“folds”). English poet Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1340-1400) may have used the word first as a verb in his *A Treatise on the Astrolab* (1391). In multiplication, two natural numbers are multiplied together (the numbers are called *factors;* the less used terms for two such numbers are multiplicand and multiplier) producing what is called a *product.* Multiplication is actually a form of repeated addition. For example, 2 × 3 means 2 + 2 + 2 (or 6).