What is the significance of the Tiamat and Marduk myth?
Mythology of Babylon
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In the Enuma Elish, Tiamat, who as Nammu in Sumer had represented the essential feminine birthing power of the universe, becomes a female monster to be destroyed.
Her defeat and the rise of Marduk signals a basic change in the mythology of Mesopotamia and the view of reality it represented. From a system based on the necessity of fertility and female power, the balance moves to a sense of necessary patriarchal order and power centered in one city and its all-powerful deity.