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The Enlightenment Period

Counter-Enlightenment Figures

From what did Vico believe the cycles of history originated?

Vico thought that God ordained the cycles of history in his “divine providence,” an idea that Vico held to be compatible with the fact that human beings might have other aims or goals than what actually does transpire. This idea is believed to have been influential in Friedrich Hegel’s (1770–1831) notion of “the cunning of reason.” The general idea is that history always turns out to be something different from what people intended.



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