New Philosophy

Environmental Philosophy

What do critics of the deep ecological and animal value views claim?

William F. Baxter, a law professor who passed away in 1998, argued in People or Penguins: The Case for Maximum Pollution (1974) that the cost of a pollution-free society would be harmful to humans. He assumed that humanism requires that humans are what matter above all else. Baxter expressed a general critical view of environmentalism held by human beings who do not believe that animals have intrinsic worth or rights equal to those of humans.


This is a web preview of the "The Handy Philosophy Answer Book" app. Many features only work on your mobile device. If you like what you see, we hope you will consider buying. Get the App