Early Modern Philosophy

Benedict De Spinoza

What is the Lens Crafter’s Society?

While the members of the American Philosophical Association (APA) in the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have been, for the most part, employed as academic philosophers, not everyone with a Ph.D. in philosophy is able to find work as a professor, and some of them do not have other jobs, either. The APA has tried to accommodate these unemployed philosophers at its annual meetings, and it sponsors an organization for them that is called “The Lens Crafter’s Society,” in honor of Spinoza, who polished lenses for a living.


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