Ancient Philosophy

Greek Pre-Socratics

What was new about the thinking of the PreSocratics?

The Pre-Socratics looked for natural explanations of natural facts and events, instead of relying on mythological accounts of the actions of the gods to explain the nature of our existence. Because of this approach, the Pre-Socratics can be regarded as the first Western scientists, even though, today, many of their theories sound quaint compared to contemporary science.

The writings of Theophrastus, one of Aristotle’s students, helped philosophers learn about the Pre-Socratics (iStock).

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