Neoplatonism Through the Renaissance


What was the importance of Jewish philosophy in medieval thought?

Moses Maimonides, or Moses son of Maimon (1135–1204), who is also referred to as Rabbi Moses ben Maimon (RaMBaM), had an extensive influence on subsequent Jewish scholarship, the ideas of Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225–1274), and many scholars thereafter. Maimonides, like Averroës (c. 1126–c. 1198), was born in Córdoba, Spain, and, also like Averroës, pursued an intense interest in Aristotle. While he intended his writings to be restricted to Jewish readers, his insights about the relationship between monotheistic religious beliefs and classical philosophical insights were studied by both Catholic and Islamic thinkers, as well as Jewish philosophers and theologians.

The title page from Maimonides’ Guide of the Perplexed in which he attempted to reconcile religion and philosophy (Art Archive).

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