Erich Fromm (1900–1980) established his reputation in political psychology with Escape from Freedom (1941), which was a condemnation of authoritarian societies. His Art of Loving was an international best seller in 1956. His distinction between different types of love in that work was a revelation to some Western readers. Fromm drew on the Talmud to extol individuality and criticize totalitarianism. Many of his readers were inspired by his combination of Marxism with psychoanalysis in a way that respected individuality.