Ancient Philosophy

Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Who were the important philosophers of middle stoicism?

Middle stoicism matured in Rhodes, with Panaetius (c. 185–110 B.C.E.) and Posidonius (c. 125–50 B.C.E.), both of whom influenced the statesman and writer Cicero (106–43 B.C.E.).Posidonius (c. 125–50 B.C.E.) incorporated both Platonic and Aristotelian ideas into his views. The main accomplishment of Middle stoicism was to apply Greek ideas to military and political life in Roman culture. Middle stoicism was generally more focused on how those who were stoics could weather specific life problems, such as defeat in war, or imprisonment.


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