The Basics

Famous Physicists

What did Einstein do to win worldwide fame?

By 1914 Einstein’s accomplishments were well accepted by physicists and he was appointed professor at the University of Berlin and made a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences. Einstein published the General Theory of Relativity in 1916. Among its predictions was that light from a star would not always travel in a straight line, but would bend if it passed close to a massive body like the sun. He predicted a bending twice as large as Newton’s theory predicted. During a 1919 solar eclipse these theories were tested and Einstein’s prediction was shown to be correct. The result was publicized by the most important newspapers in England and the United States and Einstein became a world figure. In 1921 he won the Nobel Prize in physics as a result of his work on the photoelectric effect.


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