Also known as the Bull Moose Party, the Progressive Party was formed in 1912 by former President Theodore Roosevelt (served 1901–1909). Progressives supported women’s suffrage, environmental conservation, tariff reform, stricter regulation of industrial combinations, and prohibition of child labor. Unhappy with the conservative policies of William Howard Taft and dominant Republicans, Roosevelt and many liberal Republicans transferred their allegiance to the Progressives. The Progressives nominated Roosevelt for president and California governor Hiram W. Johnson for vice president in the campaign of 1912. Roosevelt bested his former close Republican colleague, incumbent president Taft, in the popular vote and by a margin of eighty-eight to eight in the electoral vote, but the split in the Republican vote resulted in a victory for the Democratic candidate, New Jersey governor Woodrow Wilson. Progressive candidates for state and local offices did poorly, and the party disappeared in 1916 when Roosevelt returned to the Republican Party.