Clinton appointed Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Stephen Breyer as associate justices to the U.S. Supreme Court. Ginsburg, who had been called the “Thurgood Marshall of gender equality,” had successfully argued women’s rights cases before the Supreme Court in the early 1970s. She had a distinguished career in academia and served on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Breyer had served for many years on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. After graduating from Harvard Law School, he served as a law clerk for U.S. Supreme Court justice Arthur Goldberg.