Abnormal Psychology: Mental Health and Mental Illness

Disorders of Personality

What changes will be made to the diagnosis of personality disorders in DSM-V?

The APA is proposing fairly radical changes to the diagnosis of personality disorders. For one, they want to collapse the diagnosis of personality disorders into axis I along with all other psychiatric and even medical disorders. They also remove most of the actual diagnostic categories, leaving only five personality types, specifically antisocial/psychopathic, avoidant, borderline, obsessive-compulsive, and schizotypal. Each patient will also be evaluated in terms of the severity of his or her impairment in self and interpersonal functioning. This will determine the maturity and stability of their understanding of themselves and other people. Finally, patients will be rated on six broad personality trait domains, including negative emotionality, introversion, antagonism, disinhibition, compulsiveness, and schizotypy. Each broad domain has a series of trait facets. For example, under disinhibition, there are the trait facets of impulsivity, distractibility, and recklessness. While this system takes into account much of clinical theory and research, it is also very complex—which might make it hard to apply in real world settings.


This is a web preview of the "The Handy Psychology Answer Book" app. Many features only work on your mobile device. If you like what you see, we hope you will consider buying. Get the App