Major Movements in Psychology

Gestalt Psychology

What is a gestalt?

A gestalt refers to a perceptual whole. The gestalt is created out of the relationships between the parts. Our perceptual knowledge of the world is based on our recognition of these relationships. For example, let us consider what we recognize as a table. Although a table can be large or small, metal or wood, dark or light, we recognize an object as a table if it has a flat, horizontal plane with one or more supports underneath it. Its gestalt is determined by the relationship among its parts.


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