Major Movements in Psychology

Humanistic Theories

Who was Carl Rogers?

Carl Rogers (1902–1987), another key figure in humanistic psychology, has had enormous influence on the practice of psychotherapy. His school of person-centered psychotherapy, originally known as client-centered psychotherapy (and often simply referred to as Rogerian therapy), placed the client’s subjective experience at the forefront of the therapy. He believed the therapist’s role was less to untangle psychopathology than to promote the client’s personal growth through empathic listening and unconditional positive regard. While Rogers has been criticized for a relative disregard of negative emotions and interpersonal conflict, therapeutic empathy is now universally recognized as an essential ingredient of psychotherapy.


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