Plant World

Introduction and Historical Background

What are some common culinary herbs?

Herbs are often used to enhance flavors in food. They are usually from the leaves of nonwoody plants.

Common Name Scientific Name Part Used
Basil Ocimum basilicum Leaves
Bay leaves Laurus nobilis Leaves
Cumin Cuminum cyminum Fruit
Dill Anethum graveolens Fruit, leaves
Garlic Allium satiavum Bulbets
Mustard Brassica alba; Brassica nigra Seed
Onion Allium cepa Bulb
Oregano Origanum vulgare Leaves
Parsley Petroselinum crispum Leaves
Peppermint Mentha piperita Leaves
Sage Salvia officinalis Leaves
Tarragon Artemesia dracunculus Leaves
Thyme Thymus vulgaris Leaves


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