Health and Medicine

Drugs and Medicines

What are some of the most common herbal remedies?

Herbal medicine treats disease and promotes health with plant material. For centuries herbal medicines were the primary methods to administer medicinally active compounds.

Herb Botanical Name Common Use
Aloe Aloe vera Skin, gastritis
Black cohosh Cimicifuga racemosa Menstrual, menopause
Dong quai Angelica sinensis Menstrual, menopause
Echinacea Echinacea angustifolia Colds, immunity
Ephedra (ma huang) Ephedra sinica Asthma, energy, weight loss
Evening primrose oil Oenothera biennis Eczema, psoriasis, premenstrual syndrome, breast pain
Feverfew Tanacetum parthenium Migraine
Garlic Allium sativum Cholesterol, hypertension
Ginger Zingiber officinale Nausea, arthritis
Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo biloba Cerebrovascular insufficiency, memory
Ginseng Panax ginseng, Panax quinquifolius, Panax pseudoginseng, Eleutherococcus senticosus Energy, immunity, mentation, libido
Goldenseal Hydrastis candensis Immunity, colds
Hawthorne Crateaegus laeviagata Cardiac function
Kava kava Piper methysticum Anxiety
Milk thistle Silybum marianum Liver disease
Peppermint Mentha piperita Dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome
Saw palmetto Serona repens Prostate problems
St. John’s Wort Hypericum perforatum Depression, anxiety, insomnia
Tea tree oil Melaleuca alternifolia Skin infections
Valerian Valeriana officinalis Anxiety, insomnia


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