What are the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Eukaryotic cells are much more complex than prokaryotic cells, having compartmentalized interiors and membrane-bound organelles within their cytoplasm. The major feature of a eukaryotic cell is its membrane-bound nucleus, which compartmentalizes the activities of the genetic information from other types of cellular metabolism.

Comparison of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

Characteristic Prokaryotic Cells Eukaryotic Cells
Organisms Eubacteria and Protista, Fungi,
  Archaebacteria Plants, Animals
Cell size Usually 1–10u across Usually 10–100µ across
Membrane-bound organelles No Yes
Ribosomes Yes Yes
Mode of cell division Cell fission Mitosis and meiosis
DNA location Nucleoid Nucleus
Membranes Some Many
Cytoskeleton No Yes


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