Biomes, Ecological Cycles, and Environmental Milestones

What is a wetland?

A wetland is an area that is covered by water for at least part of the year and has characteristic soils and water-tolerant plants. Examples of wetlands include swamps, marshes, bogs, and estuaries.

Type of Wetland Typical Features
Swamp Tree species such as willow, cypress, and mangrove
Marsh Grasses such as cattails, reeds, and wild rice
Bogs Floating vegetation, including mosses and cranberries
Estuaries Specially adapted flora and fauna, such as crustaceans, grasses, and certain types of fishes


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