Plant World

Introduction and Historical Background

What parts of plants are used for spices?

Spices are aromatic seasonings derived from many different parts of plants including the bark, buds, fruit, roots, seeds, and stems. Some common spices and their sources are:

Spice Scientific Name Part Used
Allspice Pimenta dioica Fruit
Black pepper Piper nigrum Fruit
Capsicum peppers Capsicum annum
Capsicum baccatum
Capsicum chinense
Capsicum frutescens
Cassia Cinnamomum cassia Bark
Cinnamon Cinnamomum zeylanicum Inner bark
Cloves Eugenia caryophyllata Flower
Ginger Zingiber officinale Rhizome
Mace Myristica fragrans Seed
Nutmeg Myristica fragrans Seed
Saffron Crocus sativus Stigma
Turmeric Curcuma longa Rhizome
Vanilla Vanilla planifolia Fruit


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