Plant World

Introduction and Historical Background

What plants are commonly used in the perfume industry?

Perfumes are made of a mixture of a large variety of scents. Although many perfumes are created synthetically, the expensive designer scents still use natural essential oils extracted from plants. The perfume industry uses all parts of the plant to create a unique blend of scents. Some commonly used plant materials for essential-oil extraction are:

Plant Organ Source
Bark Indonesia and Ceylon cinnamons, and cassia
Flowers Rose, carnation, orange blossoms, ylang-ylang, violet, and lavender
Gums Balsam and myrrh
Leaves and stems Rosemary, geranium, citronella, lemon grass, and a variety of mints
Rhizomes Ginger
Roots Sassafras
Seeds and fruits Orange, lemon, and nutmeg
Wood Cedar, sandalwood, and pine


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