Physical Characteristics

Which elements are contained in Earth’s crust?

The most abundant elements in Earth’s crust are listed in the table below. In addition, nickel, copper, lead, zinc, tin, and silver account for less than 0.02 percent with all other elements comprising 0.48 percent.

Element Percentage
Oxygen 47.0
Silicon 28.0
Aluminum 8.0
Iron 4.5
Calcium 3.5
Magnesium 2.5
Sodium 2.5
Potassium 2.5
Titanium 0.4
Hydrogen 0.2
Carbon 0.2
Phosphorus 0.1
Sulfur 0.1


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