Human Body

Introduction and Historical Background

Which scientific disciplines study the human body?

The scientific disciplines of anatomy and physiology study the human body. Anatomy (from the Greek ana and temnein, meaning “to cut up”) is the study of the structure of the body parts, including their form and organization. Physiology (from the Latin, meaning “the study of nature”) is the study of the function of the various body parts and organs. Anatomy and physiology are usually studied together to achieve a complete understanding of the human body.


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