Origins of the Federal Court System

Judicial Review and Judicial Independence

Can federal judges be impeached?

Yes, federal judges can be impeached. The Constitution provides that federal judges “shall hold their Offices during good behavior.” They can be impeached for “treason, Bribery or other high crimes and misdemeanors.” This means that federal judges receive lifetime appointments but can be removed from office for bad conduct. The Constitution gives the U.S. House of Representatives the “sole power of impeachment” and the U.S. Senate “the sole Power to try all impeachments.” It takes a two-thirds majority vote in the Senate for someone to be impeached and removed from office.


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