Twelve justices have been born in New York: John Jay, Henry Brockhurst Livingston, Smith Thompson, Samuel Nelson, Joseph Bradley, Ward Hunt, Samuel Blatchford, Rufus Peckham, Charles Evans Hughes, Benjamin Cardozo, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, and John Roberts. Ten justices have been born in Virginia: John Blair, Bushrod Washington, John Marshall, Thomas Todd, Robert Trimble, Philip Barbour, John McKinley, Peter Daniel, Noah Swayne, and Lewis Powell. Nine justices have been born in Massachusetts: William Cushing, Joseph Story, Benjamin Curtis, Horace Gray, Henry Billings Brown, Oliver Wendell Holmes, William Henry Moody, Harold Burton, and David Souter. Kentucky, the Bluegrass State, was home to eight justices. They are John Marshall Harlan, Samuel Miller, Horace Lurton, James McReynolds, Louis Brandeis, Stanley Reed, Wiley Rutledge, and Fred Vinson.