The Hughes Court (1930–41)

Commerce and Labor

New Deal Legislation Invalidated by the U.S. Supreme Court

President Franklin D. Roosevelt submitted his infamous court-packing plan in 1937 because he opposed many decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court. It had struck down much of the New Deal economic relief legislation. Here are some of the decisions that invalidated federal legislation designed to spur the economy:

Federal Law Invalidated by …
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 U.S. v. Butler (1936)
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 (later amendments) Rickert Rice Mills v. Fountenot (1936)
Economy Act of 1933 (one clause) Lynch v. U.S. (1934)
National Industrial Recovery Act (addressing the “Live Poultry Code” passed pursuant to Section 3 of the NIRA) Schecter Poultry Co. v. U.S. (1935)
National Industrial Recovery Act (addressing a provision passed pursuant to Section 1 of the NIRA) Panama Refining Co. v. Ryan (1935)
Home Owners Loan Act of 1933 (1934 amendment) Hopkins Savings Assn. v. Cleary (1935)
Railroad Retirement Act Railroad Retirement Board v. Alton R. Co. (1935)
Bituminous Coal Conservation Act Carter v. Carter Coal Co. (1936)
Frazier-Lemke Act of 1934 (bankruptcy law related to farmers) Louisville Bank v. Radford (1935)


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