Distinguished New York jurist Alton B. Parker argued for Gompers in both U.S. Supreme Court cases. Parker resigned from the bench to run for president in 1904. He won the Democratic Party nomination but lost the election to his Republican opponent, incumbent president Theodore Roosevelt. After his political defeat, Parker practiced law.
A group of child employees at a Georgia cotton mill. Child labor and workday laws were the subjects of White Court rulings. Lewis W. Hine/Hulton Archive/Getty Images.