The Marshall Court (1801–35)


What significant proposal did William Paterson make at the Constitutional Convention of 1787?

New Jersey delegate Paterson opposed the Virginia Plan, which called for the creation of two houses of congress that would be composed of representatives chosen on the basis of population. This proposal did not favor the states with smaller populations, such as Paterson’s New Jersey, which would have fewer representatives in Congress. Paterson then proposed the so-called New Jersey Plan, or Paterson Plan, which called for one house of Congress that would be filled with the same number of members from each state. Paterson basically proposed what became the U.S. Senate.


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