Origins of the Federal Court System

Judiciary Act of 1789 and the Lower Federal Courts

What three additional federal district courts were created within two years of the Judiciary Act of 1789?

Congress added federal district courts in the states of North Carolina, Rhode Island, and Vermont. President George Washington nominated John Stokes for the District of North Carolina; Harry Marchant for the District of Rhode Island; and Nathaniel Chipman for the District of Vermont.


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