The cases came from five states: Kansas, California, Missouri, New York, and Tennessee. The case from Kansas, United States v. Stanley, involved Murray Stanley, an inn proprietor who denied African American Bird Gee the opportunity to eat a meal at his inn. In the California case, United States v. Ryan, Michael Ryan denied African American George Tyler the opportunity to view a theater show in San Francisco. In the Missouri case, United States v. Nichols, inn owner Samuel Nichols denied a room to African American W. H. R. Agee. In the New York case, United States v. Singleton, a Mr. Singleton denied entry to an African American to the Grand Opera House. In the Tennessee case, Robinson v. Memphis & Charleston Railroad Co., the railroad company allegedly refused to allow African American Sallie J. Robinson to board the defendant’s train in Grand Junction, Tennessee.