The Jay, Rutledge, and Ellsworth Courts (1789–1800)


Who were the first six justices nominated for the U.S. Supreme Court?

The first six justices nominated to the U.S. Supreme Court were Chief Justice John Jay and Justices John Rutledge, William Cushing, James Wilson, John Blair, and Robert H. Harrison. The Senate confirmed all the nominees, but Harrison, a judge in Maryland, declined the nomination because of poor health. In his place, Washington nominated James Iredell of North Carolina.


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