Geography Oceanography, and Weather

Ocean Currents

What are the major surface and subsurface currents in the oceans?

The major warm ocean surface currents are the North Equatorial, Kuro Siwo, Gulf Stream, and South Equatorial Currents, plus the Equatorial Countercurrent and North Atlantic Drift. The major cold ocean surface currents are the Oyashio, California, Labrador, Peru (Humboldt), Benguela, Canaries, and Antarctic Circumpolar Currents. The major subsurface currents—all of them cold—are the Cromwell Current, Weddell Sea Bottom Water, Deep Western Boundary Current (the largest deep-ocean current), and the North Atlantic Deep Water.


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