1. Source: UK Higher Education Statistics Agency

2. Gee, J.P., Williamson Shaffer, D. ‘Before Every Child Is Left Behind: How epistemic games can solve the coming crisis in education’ University of Madison-Wisconsin and Academic Advanced Distributed Learning Co-Laboratory

3. ‘The Shift Index 2011: Measuring The Forces of Long-term Change’ (2011) Deloitte Centre for the Edge

4. Stevenson, M. ‘An Optimists Tour of The Future’ (2012) Profile Books

5.Why I Protest: Olmo Glavez of Spain’ Time Magazine 26th December 2011

6. Evaluation of Evidence-Based Practices in Online Learning: A Meta-Analysis and Review of Online Learning Studies US Dept. of Education, May 2009

7. Robinson, K.  ‘Out of Our Minds: Learning to be Creative’, (2001) Capstone

8. When I use the term ‘instruction’ it is in the American sense, simply to indicate teaching in its various forms. The British tend to pejoratively misinterpret this as ‘telling students what to think/do’.

9. Interview with Barbara Walters on ABC’s 20/20 10 Most Fascinating People, 2004


11. Bobrow, D. and Whalen, J.  ‘Community Knowledge Sharing in Practice: The Eureka Story’ Reflections Magazine Volume 4 Number 2


13. Leadbeater, C. ‘The Civic Long Tail’ (2011) Demos

14. Big data is defined by McKinsey’s Global Institute as ‘datasets whose size is beyond the ability of typical database software tools to capture, store, manage and analyse’.

15. Wired Magazine, March 2007

16. Recent performance suggest that iTunes is now turning a decent profit for Apple, enhancing still further Apple’s profitability ratios.


18. Interview with AOL Government 14th July 2011

19. Hoult, M. and Elliott, S. ‘Incentives and Test-based Accountability in Education’  (2011) National Research Council

20. Sahlberg, P. ‘Finnish Lessons: What Can The World Learn From Educational Change in Finland?’  (2012) Teachers College Press

21. Surowiecki, J. (2004) The Wisdom of Crowds, Doubleday


23. Xyleme Voices Podcast Interview with Harold Jarche, Charles Jennings, Jay Cross, Clark Quinn

24. Quoted in Engaging for Success: enhancing performance through Employee Engagement  2009 Dept. for Business, Innovation and Skills

25. Employee Engagement Overview, 2010, Gallup

26. Teresa Amabile Google Talk ‘The Progress Principle’ 15th August 2011

27. The State of The Global Workplace: A Worldwide Study of Employee Engagement and Well-Being (2011) Gallup Consulting

28. The 2010 Bass Day Survey, conducted by Monster on behalf of Spherion Staffing

29. Charting the Path from Engagement to Achievement: A report on the 2009 High School Survey of Student Engagement (2009) Indiana University

30. Gilby et al National Survey of parents and Children: family Life, Aspirations and Engagement with learning (2008) Dept. for Education,

31. Ross, A. Disengagement from Education among 14-16 year olds (2009) National Centre for Social Research

32. Wills et al What Did You Do in School Today? (2009) Canadian Educational Association

33. Kohn, A. The Schools Our Children Deserve (1999) Houghton Mifflin

34. NEET Statistics (2011) UK Dept. for Education

35.School engagement predicts success later in life’

36. Wise, R. Dopamine, Learning and Motivation, Nature Reviews Neuroscience 5, June 2004

37. Levy, S. Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution, (1984) Anchor Press

38. Papert, S. Hard Fun  (2002) Bangor Daily News


40. B.S. Finn, Working at Menlo Park, in Working at Inventing ed W. S. Pretzer (1989) John Hopkins University Press; Charles L. Clarke at Menlo Park in 1880 in Menlo Park Reminiscences Part 2 (2002) Kessinger Publ.

41. Wired Magazine, November 2012

42. Spencer Silver, in ‘A Century of Innovation: The 3M Story, 2002, 3M

43. Millard, A. Machine Shop Culture and Menlo Park in Working at Inventing: Thomas A. Edison & the Menlo Park Experience (1989) Johns Hopkins University Press

44. Garcia-Morales, et al, The Effects of Transformational Leadership on Organizational performance through Knowledge and Innovation, British Journal of Management December, 2008

45. “How To Kill Creativity” Amabile, T. Harvard Business Review, October 1988

46. Peter Senge Interview with FastCompany magazine, April 1999


48. A Century of Innovation: The 3M Story, (2002), 3M

49. Keynote speech at Educause Conference, 7th November 2011

50. 2010 Zogby International poll commissioned by the Workplace Bullying Institute

51. Deming, W. E. Out Of The Crisis, (1982), MIT Centre for Advanced Educational Services

52. Where Social Learning Thrives, FastCompany Magazine February 2011

53. Semler, R. The Seven Day Weekend: A Better Way to Work in the 21st Century (2004) Arrow Books.

54. Address to 6th Teachers Convention in Singapore 31st May 2012

55. Musical Futures is an open source initiative, so all its resources are free for any teacher to use. (

56. Don Tapscott, speaking at the RSA 28th February 2013

57. I posted assuming that the Google Books settlement on fair use with the Authors Guild would signal the go-ahead in Google’s strategy. At the time of writing, the issue of copyright infringement is still being fought over by lawyers. Notwithstanding legal battles, with the coming of the European and Digital Public Library of America projects, my point, I believe, is still pertinent. Sooner, rather than later, facts will find us - if we want them to!

58. Davidson, C. Now You See It: How Technology and Brain Science Will Transform Schools and Business for the 21st Century (2011) Penguin Books; Turkle, S. Alone Together (2011) Basic Books

59. Hardin, G. The Tragedy Of The Commons, Science 13th December 1968: Vol. 162

60. Thomas Jefferson, writing to Isaac MacPherson 13th August 1813


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