Endocrine System


Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones

Each endocrine gland produces specific hormones, as explained in the below table.

Gland Hormone(s) Produced
Anterior Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH); adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH);
pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH); luteinizing hormone (LH); prolactin (PRL); growth hormone (GH); melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
Posterior Antidiuretic hormone (ADH); oxytocin
Thyroid Thyroxine (T4); triiodothyronine (T3); calcitonin (CT)
Parathyroid Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Pineal Melatonin
Adrenal (cortex) Mineralocorticoids, primarily aldosterone; Glucocorticoids, mainly cortisol (hydrocortisone); corticosterone; cortisone
Adrenal (medula) Epinephrine (E); norepinephrine (NE)
Pancreas Insulin; glucagon
Thymus Thymosins
Ovaries Estrogens; progesterone
Testes Androgens, mainly testosterone


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