Urinary System


How are the kidneys protected in the abdominal cavity?

The kidneys receive some protection from the lower part of the rib cage. In addition, three layers of connective tissue enclose, protect, and stabilize the kidneys: 1) the renal capsule that covers the outer surface of the entire organ; 2) the adipose (fatty) tissue that surrounds the capsule; and 3) the renal fascia, which is a layer of dense connective tissue that anchors the kidney to the surrounding structure.


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