What were the Venera spacecraft like?

Exploring Mercury and Venus Read more from
Chapter Exploring the Solar System

The original Venera spacecraft weighed 1,400 pounds (630 kilograms). Its cylindrical body featured a domed top and solar-paneled sides. Attached to one side of the body was an umbrella-shaped radio antenna. The vessels used in successive Venera missions were larger and more complex. Venera 4 and later models consisted of a carrier vessel and a lander; the last two Venera craft each weighed 8,800 pounds (4,000 kilograms).


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