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Defining the World

The Earth

What is the North Magnetic Pole

The North Magnetic Pole is where compass needles around the world point. It is located in Canada’s Northwest Territories at about 71 degrees north, 96 degrees west (latitude and longitude), about 900 miles (1,450 kilometers) away from absolute North Pole. It moves continuously, so to determine true north, look at a recent topographic map for your local area. It should note the “magnetic declination,” which means the degrees east or west that you’ll need to rotate your compass to determine which way is actually north.



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