John Quincy Adams

Early Career

What later essays that Adams wrote attracted the attention of George Washington?

Adams wrote a series of essays in 1793 and 1794 that defended President Washington’s proclamation of neutrality that Washington had issued when Great Britain and France began fighting. The French minister to the United States, Edmond Genet, had attacked Washington’s position. Adams—writing under the pen names “Marcellus,” “Columbus,” and “Barneveld”—supported the president and showed a keen understanding of international law.


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