Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned discrimination in places of public accommodation, employment, and by government agencies. It is considered the lynchpin of the Civil Rights Movement during the 1950s and 1960s. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 prohibited discriminatory practices that various states and locales had erected to reduce African American voting. The Fair Housing Act of 1968 outlawed racial discrimination in the purchase and renting of homes.