Major Movements in Psychology

Jungian Analytical Psychology

How did Jung’s view of the unconscious differ from Freud’s?

Like Freud, Jung believed the mind was divided into the conscious and unconscious parts and that the conscious part comprised a small fraction of the total psyche. Jung also believed, like Freud, that repressed and forbidden ideas were banished to the unconscious, intentionally kept out of consciousness. Unlike Freud, however, Jung divided the unconscious into the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious. The personal unconscious contained personal experiences that had slipped out of consciousness, due either to simple forgetting or repression. The contents of the personal unconscious came from the individual’s life experience. The collective unconscious, however, held the entire, evolutionary heritage of humanity. It contained the entire library of our typical reactions to universal human situations. It was not limited to the individual’s life but encompassed the great, impersonal truths of existence.

Mandalas are religious designs used in the Hindu and Buddhist traditions (Fortean Picture Library).

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