Astronomy and Space

Planets and Moons

How far are the planets from the sun?

The planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits, with the sun at one focus of the ellipse. Thus, a planet is at times closer to the sun than at other times. The distances given below are the average distance from the sun, starting with Mercury, the planet closest to the sun, and moving outward.

Planet Average distance (miles) Average distance (km)
Mercury 35,983,000 57,909,100
Venus 67,237,700 108,208,600
Earth 92,955,900 149,598,000
Mars 141,634,800 227,939,200
Jupiter 483,612,200 778,298,400
Saturn 888,184,000 1,427,010,000
Uranus 1,782,000,000 2,869,600,000
Neptune 2,794,000,000 4,496,700,000


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