Measures and Measurement

What are the approximate heating values of fuels?

Fuel BTU Unit of Measure
Oil 141,000 gallon
Coal 31,000 pound
Natural gas 1,000 cubic feet
Steam 1,000 cubic feet
Electricity 3,413 kilowatt hour
Gasoline 124,000 gallon

A BTU (British thermal unit), a common energy measurement, is defined as the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by 1°F.


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