Supreme Court Trivia

Careers Away from the Court

Which justices were former veterans?

Six justices served in the Revolutionary War: Chief Justice John Marshall fought in battles such as Great Bridge and Germantown; Alfred Moore served in the North Carolina Regiment; Thomas Johnson briefly served in the Maryland state militia (as first brigadier-general); Henry Livingston served as a commissioned captain in the Continental Army; Bushrod Washington, the nephew of George Washington, served in the Continental Army; and Thomas Todd enlisted when he was only 14 years old.

Two justices served in the War of 1812: James Moore Wayne served in a volunteer Georgia militia unit and John Catron served under General Andrew Jackson.

Five justices served in the Civil War: Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar served in the Confederate Army as a colonel for the Eighteenth Mississippi Regiment; Edward Douglass White and Horace Lurton served in the Confederate Army; Oliver Wendell Holmes served in the Union Army and was wounded three times during combat; and William Burnham Woods fought for the Union in Ohio, rising to the rank of brevet major general.

Four justices served in World War I: Earl Warren and Frank Murphy served in the Army; Tom C. Clark served in the National Guard; and Harold Burton served in the Army, receiving a Purple Heart.

Five justices served in World War II: Potter Stewart and Byron White served in the Navy; William Brennan served in the Army; William Rehnquist served in the Air Force; and John Paul Stevens served in the Navy, earning a Bronze Star.


This is a web preview of the "The Handy Supreme Court Answer Book" app. Many features only work on your mobile device. If you like what you see, we hope you will consider buying. Get the App