Supreme Court Trivia
Careers Away from the Court
Which justices were former veterans?
Six justices served in the Revolutionary War: Chief Justice John Marshall fought in battles such as Great Bridge and Germantown; Alfred Moore served in the North Carolina Regiment; Thomas Johnson briefly served in the Maryland state militia (as first brigadier-general); Henry Livingston served as a commissioned captain in the Continental Army; Bushrod Washington, the nephew of George Washington, served in the Continental Army; and Thomas Todd enlisted when he was only 14 years old.
Two justices served in the War of 1812: James Moore Wayne served in a volunteer Georgia militia unit and John Catron served under General Andrew Jackson.
Five justices served in the Civil War: Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar served in the Confederate Army as a colonel for the Eighteenth Mississippi Regiment; Edward Douglass White and Horace Lurton served in the Confederate Army; Oliver Wendell Holmes served in the Union Army and was wounded three times during combat; and William Burnham Woods fought for the Union in Ohio, rising to the rank of brevet major general.
Four justices served in World War I: Earl Warren and Frank Murphy served in the Army; Tom C. Clark served in the National Guard; and Harold Burton served in the Army, receiving a Purple Heart.
Five justices served in World War II: Potter Stewart and Byron White served in the Navy; William Brennan served in the Army; William Rehnquist served in the Air Force; and John Paul Stevens served in the Navy, earning a Bronze Star.