The National Weather Service is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). It was started on February 9, 1870 when President Ulysses S. Grant (1822–1885) signed a joint resolution of Congress authorizing the secretary of war to establish a national weather service. Its first official name was the National Weather Bureau. It was renamed the U.S. Weather Bureau in 1891 and became the National Weather Service in 1967. Its mission is to provide weather, hydrologic, and climate forecasts and warning for the citizens of the United States, its territories, adjacent waters, and ocean areas in order to protect life and property and for the enhancement of the national economy. Weather observations are now made hourly and daily by government agencies, volunteer/citizen observers, ships, planes, automatic weather stations, and Earth-orbiting satellites.